Session on the 5th April: The body as a producer of emotions

  • Erica Le Tailleure (Dr in Living Arts, Hacettepe University / Ankara Conservatory), Whirling Dervishes, love between ecstasy and ‘enstase;
  • Alice Godfroy (Assistant professor in dance, University of Nice), Dance and poetry: a knotting in the infra-body;  
  • Alice Dupas (ENS Lyon, PhD student in philosophy), An enactive approach to emotion and its application to the case of aesthetic emotion.

Details of the communications

Erica the Tailleure, Whirling Dervishes, love between ecstasy and ‘enstase’ During their dance h the dervishes turn on their own, the state of enstasis seems to reach its climax thanks to a set of rules carefully weighed and measured so that the dervish, keeping control of himself, reaches the most subtle degrees of mystical hearing. Between body and mind, there is no more separation or chiasm, since the ultimate objective is the state of absolute unity (tevhid), the perfect and total union.

Alice Godfroy Dance and poetry: a knotting in the infra-body

A theory of articulation makes it possible to isolate the somatic substratum from which artisitic gestures originate, and by which they touch us. This stage of the experience is made of emotional flows that affect what we propose to call our ‘infra-body’. A journey through the ideograms of Henri Michaux and the motionless explorations of improvisers of the movement (Contact Improvisation and butoh in particular) will seek to show how the most experimental poets and dancers have worked to densify this infra-body, and to tie implicitly their search to the somatic background of any expressiveness. I address the issue of articulation body / language, and open to furtive case studies.

Alice Dupas, An enactive approach to emotion and its application to the case of aesthetic emotion.

In this presentation, we aim to propose a cognitive-corporal theory of emotion that feeds on the so-called 4E approach (which will in fact be a 5E approach) of cognition, and more specifically its enactive capacity. The en profoundly anti-intellectualist theory of enactment by Colombetti and Thompson (Colombetti & 2007, 2007, 2010, Colombetti & Thompson, 2005, 2008) on which we dwell, postulates that emotions are both cognitive (appraisal theory). and deeply bodily (sense-making theory), or that they take place within a living and feeling body. On the one hand, we will expose the reasons that lead us to see in this theory of enactive appraisal a congruent theory of emotion, and on the other hand we will apply this theory to the aesthetic sphere in order to account for the aesthetic emotion in enactive terms.

practical information:

Bibliothèque de l’Inalco (BULAC) 10h-13h

Salle Rj 23

65 Rue des Grands Moulins, 75013 Paris

(métro Bibliothèque nationale, Ligne 14, sortie Chevaleret)

Seminar full program

 

Seminar Langarts 2018-2019:

Art and bodily experience, a comparison between the arts in a Western /Eastern perspective

Year 2018: Aesthetics and kinesthesia.

 

For the year 2018, we shall study the encounter between gestures in art but also in work (praxis) as modes of self-expression, whose clues are found in the arts, in language, but also in philosophy, particularly in the apology of everyday life by Michel de Certeau and Henri Lefèbvre. These preoccupations for everyday gestures are similar to those of Asian philosophies, while at the same time differentiating themselves from them.[1]

 Sessions

Session 1 (January 12) The body as a support of conscience

Introduction to the seminar; theoretical presentation of the Feldenkrais method and practical introduction (Chantal Mir, Geste en mouvement association – 15 euros / participant).

Session 2 (March 2) The human body as a measure of the world

Séverine Bridoux-Michel, ENSAP Lille, explains the principles of Modulor for Le Corbusier, its relationship to the body and music; Christine Vial Kayser evokes the theories proposing that architecture is a representation of the human body (notably of Wölfflin) and Hyeonsuk Kim proposes on the contrary a reading of the installations Bill Viola and Yasuaki Onishi, as highlighting that the space is not human. The confrontation of the three positions on the same session will underpin the centrality of man in nature, in Western thought.

Session 3: (June 15) Mirror neurons at work

John Onians, author of Neuroarthistory, From Aristotle and Pliny to Baxandall and Zeki (Yale University Press, 2008), will present “The power of the Discobolus. Neuroscience and the history of Greek Sculpture’Denis Plassard, a dancer in Lyon, and designer of an audioguide for the Museum of Fine Arts in Lyon to dance in front of the works and Sophie Onimus-Carrias, head of the cultural department at Musée des Beaux-arts in Lyon will discuss the reaction of visitors in front of works enticing movement and the role of the audioguide.

Session 4 (November 30) The body makes the mind dance

Marie Laureillard, sinologist and historian of art, MCF Lyon 2, on writing as an inner dance; Biliana Vassileva, Lille 3, on the body in dance and its relation to language. Bernard Chambaz, novelist (Dernière nouvelles du Martin-Pêcheur, Flammarion, 2014) on writing and cycling.

Session 5 (December 14) Pragmatism in Asia

Pr. Konô Tetsuyda, philosopher, Rikkyo University, Tokyo, “Kata in Japanese philosophy”; Annie Claustres, University of Lyon 2, “Kata in the art of performance in Japan”; Barbara Formis, philosopher, MCF in aesthetics and theory of art, Paris 1, co-founder of the Laboratoire du geste, the concept of soma aesthetics.

The organizers

Langarts is an inter-university research group aiming at identifying the aesthetic experience in the creation and reception of the arts, in a dual approach, both theoretical and experimental, interdisciplinary and comparative, between the arts, and between Asia and the West (see http://langarts.hypotheses.org/).

Christine Vial Kayser, co-director of Langarts, Museum curator and Assistant professor with IESA, independent researcher with CREOPS, designed this seminar. For the year 2018 the seminar is co-directed with Biliana Vassileva, lecturer at Lille 3, a member of Langarts.

The seminar’s contents will be published by Vernon Press in 2019/20.

[1] Yuedi Liu and Carter Curtis, Aesthetics of Everyday Life: East and West. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholar Publishing, 2014.

Mirror neurons, art and dance

The third session of Langarts seminar related to “Art and bodily experience” will take place at
Maison des Sciences de l’Homme
54 bd Raspail, Paris
room  B1-18.
from 10 am to 1 pm.
It will welcome
10.15-11.15 :
John Onians, author of Neuroarthistory, From Aristotle and Pliny to Baxandall and Zeki (Yale University Press, 2008), who will present The power of the Discobolus. Neuroscience and the history of Greek Sculpture”

11.45-12.45 :

Denis Plassard, a dancer in Lyon, and designer of an audioguide for the Museum of Fine Arts in Lyon to dance in front of the works and Sophie Onimus-Carrias, head of the cultural department at Musée des Beaux-arts in Lyon will discuss ” visitors’reaction in front of works enticing movement and the role of the audioguide”.

Musée des Beaux-arts de Lyon- Audioguide-choregraphique-Denis-Plassard_Muriel Chaulet

Musée des Beaux-arts de Lyon- audioguide-choregraphique-Denis-Plassard_Muriel Chaulet

The talk will be in French. All welcome.

Art and bodily experience

The concept of this seminar is related to the pragmatist intuition of William James, taken up by John Dewey that the mind depends on the body which is, in the words of Richard Shusterman, “the eye of the cyclone, the origin of the coordinates, the place which is constantly emphasized in [our] experience” because “the world we experience comes up at all times with our body as center, center of vision, center of action, center of interest” (William James, « L’expérience de l’activité », dans Id., Essais d’empirisme radical. Marseille, Agone (2005) . Rodin’s Thinker, using muscular tension, and a movement towards the inner self –the mouth biting the bent hand, as a metaphor of the tension of the mind at work (the work depicts Dante, leaning forward to observe the circles of Hell meditating on his work) offers a striking illustration of these theories. The seminar will focus on the relation between the body and mind both in language (theme1) looking at metaphorical traces of body orientation and biological dynamics and in visual works (them 2) looking at notions of empathy, mirror neurons, engram, semantic marker of emotions, kinesthesia, art and desire (to know, to be powerful, to exist as a subject …). The main theoretical supports are phenomenology (Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, Gallagher) and pragmatism (the notion of agency, subjective power postulated by John Dewey, George Mead, and soma-aesthetic by Richard Shusterman) as well as theories of performativity that emphasize the vital issues for the individual to resist norms. Neuroscience’s contribution to understanding the neural link between self-awareness and movement (movement of the artist, movement of the viewer) will also be examined. The Asian perspective on gesture, body and gender in daily life and art, will be addressed. Practical cases will deal with poetic and literary creation, dance, music, visual arts, architecture and mediation, especially in museums.